Do You Really Know The Difference Between Industrial Air Conditioners And Household Air Conditioners?



Different from ordinary household air conditioners, industrial air conditioners refer to air conditioners that provide cooling and temperature control for the reliable operation of industrial production processes or industrial process equipment. Industrial air conditioners are commonly used in oil, natural gas, chemical, pharmaceutical, food, textile and other applications.

Although ordinary household air conditioners and industrial air conditioners have many things in common, there are big differences in systems, components, design principles, and other aspects. Industrial air conditioners play a vital role in industry and society, which is completely different from ordinary household air conditioners.

Different execution standards

The standard for industrial air conditioners is gb50174-93, while the standard for ordinary household air conditioners is gb7725-1996

Different design principles

Industrial air conditioners have large air volume, small enthalpy difference, and high heat-to-moisture ratio; on the contrary, civil air conditioners are characterized by small air volume, large enthalpy difference, and low humidity/heat ratio. The heat-to-humidity ratio of industrial air conditioners is as high as 80% to 90%, that is to say, 90% efficiency is used for effective cooling equipment, and only 10% of energy consumption is used for moderate dehumidification. However, the heat-to-moisture ratio of household air conditioners is 60% to 70%, and the dehumidification efficiency is 30% to 40%. The result of using a household air conditioner in the computer room is that its humidity is too low, which not only threatens the static electricity of the equipment, but also greatly wastes energy.

Industrial air conditioning requires no condensation on the surface of the equipment

The design point of the outlet temperature of industrial air conditioners is about 8°C higher than that of ordinary air conditioners. (13~15℃) Ordinary household air conditioner air temperature is 6~8℃, temperature is 24℃, relative humidity is greater than or equal to 50%, 13.2oC, dew point temperature is lower than temperature When water vapor condenses into water droplets in the air , The performance is the droplets in the air conditioner, which is extremely unfavorable near the air outlet of the air conditioner, and may cause micro short circuits. Industrial air conditioners with high wind temperature can avoid condensation, while the low temperature of civil air conditioners sometimes causes condensation on the equipment, which endangers the normal operation of the equipment.

Different cooling conditions

The design concept of ordinary household air conditioners can only perform the cooling function in summer. When the outdoor temperature is -5°C or below, it cannot be cooled, and forced operation will greatly shorten the service life of the air conditioner! The special air-conditioning design in the computer room meets the requirements of outdoor temperature changes. It can work normally at -40°C to +45°C for 24 hours, including cooling and heating. Therefore, only by improving the reliability requirements of the compressor, motor and refrigeration system can the problem of high failure rate be effectively solved.

Air filtration capacity requirements vary

The air cleanliness of industrial air conditioners is 0.5 micron/liter <18,000. In other words, in one liter of air, particles larger than or equal to 0.5 microns should be less than 18,000. However, the general household air conditioner only has a simple filtering function, and the filtering effect of its filter does not meet the requirements of the computer room at all.

Different intake and return air structures

Industrial air conditioners are required to take care of the largest heating equipment, or consider all equipment at the same time. Therefore, the equipment should be firmly avoided when installing, and the installation position is generally 0.3-0.5 meters higher than ordinary civil air conditioners. (Used for upwind structure)

It can avoid the return air short circuit, equipment blockage and temperature unevenness, and achieve the ideal heat exchange effect

Design life difference

The design life of ordinary household air conditioners is more than 5 years. The calculation method uses 1-2 quarters per year, and the daily operation does not exceed 8 hours, that is, the design life is about 500---900 days. The design life of industrial air conditioners generally requires 3600 days of continuous operation! (10 years)



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